The activity of PPARγin primary human trophoblasts is enhanced by oxidized lipids

Ralf L. Schild, W. Timothy Schaiff, Matthew G. Carlson, Emily J. Cronbach, D. Michael Nelson, Yoel Sadovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


The ligand-dependent nuclear receptor PPARγ plays an important role in murine and human trophoblast differentiation. Oxidized lipids, which are implicated in the pathophysiology of placental dysfunction, have recently been identified as ligands for PPARγ. We therefore hypothesized that oxidized lipids activate PPARγ in human trophoblasts and influence placental function. To test our hypothesis, we examined the effect of 9S-hydroxy-10E,12Z-octadecadienoic acid (9-HODE), 13S-hydroxy-9Z,11E-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE), and 15S-hydroxy-5Z,8Z,11Z,13E-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) on PPARγ activity in cultured term human trophoblasts. Our results demonstrate that these lipids stimulate PPARγ activity and that the AF-2 fragment, which harbors the ligand-binding domain of PPARγ, mediates this effect. Furthermore, we assessed the consequences of PPARγ activation by the oxidized lipids, and we found that these lipids stimulate human CG production, a measure of trophoblast differentiation. In contrast, the expression of syncytin, a marker for syncytium formation as well as the expression of the cell cycle modulators cyclin E and p27 are unchanged by the oxidized lipids. We concluded that 9-HODE, 13-HODE, and 15-HETE activate PPARγ in primary human trophoblasts. These PPARγ ligands may play a role in placental differentiation, yet they are unlikely to contribute to trophoblast dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1110
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002


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