TGF-β Signaling Plays an Essential Role in the Lineage Specification of Mesenchymal Stem/Progenitor Cells in Fetal Bone Marrow

Grazia Abou-Ezzi, Teerawit Supakorndej, Jingzhu Zhang, Bryan Anthony, Joseph Krambs, Hamza Celik, Darja Karpova, Clarissa S. Craft, Daniel C. Link

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells are key components of hematopoietic niches in the bone marrow. Here we abrogated transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling in mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSPCs) by deleting Tgfbr2 in mesenchymal cells using a doxycycline-repressible Sp7 (osterix)-Cre transgene. We show that loss of TGF-β signaling during fetal development results in a marked expansion of CXCL12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells and adipocytes in the bone marrow, while osteoblasts are significantly reduced. These stromal alterations are associated with significant defects in hematopoiesis, including a shift from lymphopoiesis to myelopoiesis. However, hematopoietic stem cell function is preserved. Interestingly, TGF-β signaling is dispensable for the maintenance of mesenchymal cells in the bone marrow after birth under steady-state conditions. Collectively, these data show that TGF-β plays an essential role in the lineage specification of fetal but not definitive MSPCs and is required for the establishment of normal hematopoietic niches in fetal and perinatal bone marrow. Link and colleagues show the pivotal role of TGF-β signaling in mesenchymal cells on the emergence of hematopoietic niches in the bone marrow during fetal development. Abrogating TGF-β signaling in mesenchymal cells during development results in a marked expansion of adipocytes and CAR cells in the bone marrow, while osteoblasts are reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2019

Keywords

  • CAR cells
  • adipocyte
  • and osteoblast
  • bone marrow niche
  • bone metabolism
  • hematopoiesis
  • lineage commitment
  • mesenchymal stem cells
  • transforming growth factor β

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