Testing increasing hazard rate for the progression time of dementia

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Abstract

In the longitudinal studies of certain diseases, subjects are assessed periodically. In fact, many Alzheimer's Disease Research Centers (ADRC) in the United States typically assess their subjects annually, resulting in grouped or interval censored data for the progression time from one stage of dementia to a more severe stage of dementia. This paper studies the likelihood ratio test for increasing hazard rate associated with the progression time of dementia based on grouped progression time data. We first give the maximum likelihood estimators (MLEs) for model parameters under the assumption that the hazard rate of the progression time is nondecreasing. We then present the likelihood ratio test for testing the null hypothesis that the hazard rate is constant against the alternative that it is increasing. Finally, the methodology is applied to the dementia progression time from the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). The statistical methodology developed here, although specifically referred to the study of dementia in the paper, can be easily applied to other longitudinal medical studies in which the disease status is categorized according to the severity and the hazard rate associated with the transition time among disease stages is to be tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Chi-bar Squared Distribution
  • Clinical Dementia Rating
  • Isotonic Regression
  • Maximum Likelihood Estimate (MLE)

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