Test-Retest Reliability of Neural Correlates of Response Inhibition and Error Monitoring: An fMRI Study of a Stop-Signal Task

Ozlem Korucuoglu, Michael P. Harms, Serguei V. Astafiev, Semyon Golosheykin, James T. Kennedy, Deanna M. Barch, Andrey P. Anokhin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Response inhibition (RI) and error monitoring (EM) are important processes of adaptive goal-directed behavior, and neural correlates of these processes are being increasingly used as transdiagnostic biomarkers of risk for a range of neuropsychiatric disorders. Potential utility of these purported biomarkers relies on the assumption that individual differences in brain activation are reproducible over time; however, available data on test-retest reliability (TRR) of task-fMRI are very mixed. This study examined TRR of RI and EM-related activations using a stop signal task in young adults (n = 56, including 27 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins) in order to identify brain regions with high TRR and familial influences (as indicated by MZ twin correlations) and to examine factors potentially affecting reliability. We identified brain regions with good TRR of activations related to RI (inferior/middle frontal, superior parietal, and precentral gyri) and EM (insula, medial superior frontal and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex). No subcortical regions showed significant TRR. Regions with higher group-level activation showed higher TRR; increasing task duration improved TRR; within-session reliability was weakly related to the long-term TRR; motion negatively affected TRR, but this effect was abolished after the application of ICA-FIX, a data-driven noise removal method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number624911
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2021

Keywords

  • error monitoring
  • familial influences
  • fMRI
  • response inhibition
  • stop-signal task
  • test-retest reliability

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