Terbutaline and the prevention of nocturnal hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes

Benjamin A. Cooperberg, Suzanne M. Breckenridge, Ana Maria Arbelaez, Philip E. Cryer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE- Bedtime administration of 5.0 mg of the β 2- adrenergic agonist terbutaline prevents nocturnal hypoglycemia but causes morning hyperglycemia in type 1 diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that 2.5 mg terbutaline prevents nocturnal hypoglycemia without causing morning hyperglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS- This was a randomized double-blind crossover pilot study (placebo, 2.5 mg terbutaline, and 5.0 mg terbutaline) in 15 patients with type 1 diabetes. RESULTS- Mean ± SE nadir nocturnal plasma glucose concentrations were 87 ± 14 mg/dl following placebo, 100 ± 14 mg/dl following 2.5 mg terbutaline, and 122 ± 13 mg/dl following 5.0 mg terbutaline (p < 0.05 vs. placebo). Nadir levels were <50 mg/dl in 5, 2, and 0 patients (p < 0.05 vs. placebo), respectively. Morning levels were 113 ± 18, 127 ± 17, and 183 ± 19 mg/dl (p < 0.02 vs. placebo), respectively. CONCLUSIONS- Terbutaline may be shown to be effective and safe in the prevention of nocturnal hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes in a suitably powered randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2271-2272
Number of pages2
JournalDiabetes care
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

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