Temporomandibular joint pain: Clinical presentations and response to conservative treatments in a nigerian tertiary hospital

Elijah Oyetola, Olufunlola Adesina, Adeniyi Oluwadaisi, Adedotun Adewale, Opeyemi Adewole, E. Anizoba

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2 Scopus citations


Aims and Objectives: The aims of this study are to determine the prevalence, pattern of presentation, and response to conservative (medical) interventions among patients who presented with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Material and Methods: Consecutive patients who presented in Oral Medicine and Periodontology Clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex on account of TMJ pain from January 2015 to December 2015 were recruited for the study. They were all interviewed and examined. The severity of pain was recorded using visual analog scale (VAS). Patients were treated with medications and physiotherapy. They were reviewed at 2, 4, and 6 weeks. Those who could not make the appointment were contacted through phone. The findings were recorded and analyzed using STATA version 11. Results: A total of 401 participants were seen, 55 presented on account of TMJ pain. The mean age of patients with TMJ pain was 54 ± 16.9 with 60% being female. Pain was present in all participants; other signs include clicking joint sound (85%), jaw deviation (64%), attrition (24%), and reduced mouth opening (23%). The left joint was more frequently affected (75%). Following 6 weeks of conservative treatments, none of the respondents had VAS score of more than 3. Conclusion: The prevalence of TMJ pain was 13%. TMJ was found to be more common in participants above 50 years with female predilection. Pain was most common symptom seen, and response to conservative treatments as assessed using VAS following 6-week of treatment showed complete remission of the pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-103
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2017


  • Conservative treatments
  • pain
  • temporomandibular joints


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