Temporal analysis of intratumoral metabolic heterogeneity characterized by textural features in cervical cancer

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Abstract

Purpose The aim of this pilot study was to explore heterogeneity in the temporal behavior of intratumoral [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) accumulation at a regional scale in patients with cervical cancer undergoing chemoradiotherapy. Methods Included in the study were 20 patients with FIGO stages IB1 to IVA cervical cancer treated with combined chemoradiotherapy. Patients underwent FDG PET/CT before treatment, during weeks 2 and 4 of treatment, and 12 weeks after completion of therapy. Patients were classified based on response to therapy as showing a completemetabolic response (CMR), a partial metabolic response (PMR), or residual disease and the development of new disease (NEW). Based on the presence of residual primary tumor following therapy, patients were divided into two groups, CMR and PMR/NEW. Temporal profiles of intratumoral FDG heterogeneity as characterized by textural features at a regional scale were assessed and compared with those of the standardized uptake value (SUV) indices (SUVmax and SUVmean) within the context of differentiating response groups. Results Textural features at a regional scale with emphasis on characterizing contiguous regions of high uptake in tumors decreased significantly with time (P<0.001) in the CMR group, while features describing contiguous regions of low uptake along with those measuring the nonuniformity of contiguous isointense regions in tumors exhibited significant temporal changes in the PMR/NEW group (P<0.03) but showed no persistent trends with time. Both SUV indices showed significant changes during the course of the disease in both patient groups (P<0.001 for SUVmax and SUVmean in the CMR group; P=0.0109 and 0.0136, respectively, for SUVmax and SUVmean in the PMR/NEW group), and also decreased at a constant rate in the CMR group and decreased up to the 4th week of treatment and then increased in the PMR/NEW group. Conclusion The temporal changes in the heterogeneity of intratumoral FDG distribution characterized at a regional scale using image-based textural features may provide an adjunctive or alternative option for understanding tumor response to chemoradiotherapy and interpreting FDG accumulation dynamics in patients with malignant cervical tumors during the course of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-727
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Cervix
  • FDG PET
  • Intratumoral heterogeneity
  • Temporal trend
  • Textural analysis

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