Tempol, a Superoxide Dismutase Mimetic Agent, Inhibits Superoxide Anion-Induced Inflammatory Pain in Mice

Catia C.F. Bernardy, Ana C. Zarpelon, Felipe A. Pinho-Ribeiro, Cássia Calixto-Campos, Thacyana T. Carvalho, Victor Fattori, Sergio M. Borghi, Rubia Casagrande, Waldiceu A. Verri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of the superoxide dismutase mimetic agent tempol in superoxide anion-induced pain and inflammation. Mice were treated intraperitoneally with tempol (10-100 mg/kg) 40 min before the intraplantar injection of a superoxide anion donor, potassium superoxide (KO2, 30 μg). Mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia, paw edema, and mRNA expression of peripheral and spinal cord mediators involved in inflammatory pain, TNFα, IL-1β, IL-10, COX-2, preproET-1, gp91phox, Nrf2, GFAP, and Iba-1, were evaluated. Peripheral and spinal cord reductions of antioxidant defenses and superoxide anion were also assessed. Tempol reduced KO2-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia and paw edema. The increased mRNA expression of the evaluated mediators and oxidative stress in the paw skin and spinal cord and increased mRNA expression of glial markers in the spinal cord induced by KO2 were successfully inhibited by tempol. KO2-induced reduction in Nrf2 mRNA expression in paw skin and spinal cord was also reverted by tempol. Corroborating the effect of tempol in the KO2 model, tempol also inhibited carrageenan and CFA inflammatory hyperalgesia. The present study demonstrates that tempol inhibits superoxide anion-induced molecular and behavioral alterations, indicating that tempol deserves further preclinical studies as a promising analgesic and anti-inflammatory molecule for the treatment of inflammatory pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9584819
JournalBioMed Research International
StatePublished - 2017


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