Temperature dependence of acoustic impedance for specific fluorocarbon liquids

Jon N. Marsh, Christopher S. Hall, Samuel A. Wickline, Gregory M. Lanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Recent studies by our group have demonstrated the efficacy of perfluorocarbon liquid nanoparticles for enhancing the reflectivity of tissuelike surfaces to which they are bound. The magnitude of this enhancement depends in large part on the difference in impedances of the perfluorocarbon, the bound substrate, and the propagating medium. The impedance varies directly with temperature because both the speed of sound and the mass density of perfluorocarbon liquids are highly temperature dependent. However, there are relatively little data in the literature pertaining to the temperature dependence of the acoustic impedance of these compounds. In this study, the speed of sound and density of seven different fluorocarbon liquids were measured at specific temperatures between 20 °C and 45 °C. All of the samples demonstrated negative, linear dependencies on temperature for both speed of sound and density and, consequently, for the acoustic impedance. The slope of sound speed was greatest for perfluorohexane (- 278±1.5 cm/s-°C) and lowest for perfluorodichlorooctane (- 222±0.9 cm/s-°C). Of the compounds measured, perfluorohexane exhibited the lowest acoustic impedance at all temperatures, and perfluorodecalin the highest at all temperatures. Computations from a simple transmission-line model used to predict reflectivity enhancement from surface-bound nanoparticles are discussed in light of these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2858-2862
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002


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