Telemedicine critical care availability and outcomes among mechanically ventilated patients

Jonah M. Graves, James G. Krings, Joanna L. Buss, Dorina Kallogjeri, Uchenna R. Ofoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Telemedicine Critical Care (TCC) improves adherence to evidence based protocols associated with improved mortality among patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). We sought to evaluate the relationship between hospital availability of TCC and outcomes among patients receiving IMV. Materials and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 66,522 adults who received IMV for non-postoperative acute respiratory failure at 318 non-federal hospitals in New York, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Florida in 2018. Hospital-level TCC availability was ascertained from the 2018 American Hospital Association Annual Survey. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included the composite of tracheostomy or reintubation and duration of IMV. We used two-level hierarchical multivariable regression models to investigate the association between TCC availability and outcomes. Results: 20,270 (30.5%) patients were admitted into 89 TCC-available hospitals. There was no difference between TCC and non-TCC-available hospitals in mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.94, 99% confidence interval [CI] 0.84–1.05), composite of tracheostomy or reintubation (OR 0.95 [0.82–1.11], or duration of IMV (OR 0.95 [0.83–1.09]). There was no difference in outcomes among the subgroup of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conclusions: Hospital TCC availability was not associated with improved outcomes among patients receiving IMV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154782
JournalJournal of Critical Care
StatePublished - Aug 2024


  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Critical care
  • Invasive mechanical ventilation
  • Mechanical ventilator
  • Tele-ICU
  • Tele-intensive care
  • Telehealth
  • Virtual medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Telemedicine critical care availability and outcomes among mechanically ventilated patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this