Techniques of posterior C1-C2 stabilization

Jose A. Menendez, Neill M. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


INSTABILITY OF THE atlantoaxial complex may result from inflammatory, traumatic, congenital, neoplastic, or degenerative disorders and often requires surgical stabilization. Initial dorsal wiring techniques allow safe fixation but require rigid external immobilization and have been associated with high fusion failure rates. Rigid screw fixation techniques including transarticular screw fixation and C1-C2 rod-cantilever fixation offer higher fusion rates and less need for rigid immobilization but are more technically demanding. C1-C2 fixation using crossing C2 laminar screws offers rigid fixation but without the technical demands of C2 pars placement. The history and techniques of dorsal fixation of the atlantoaxial complex are reviewed, and the success rates and complications of each are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S1-103-S1-111
Issue number1 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Atlantoaxial joint
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Outcome
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Spinal fusion
  • Trauma
  • Treatment


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