Interprofessional collaboration is the foundation of hospice service delivery. In the United States, hospice agencies are required to regularly convene interprofessional meetings during which teams review plans of care for the patients and families they serve. A small body of research suggests that team functioning could be significantly enhanced in hospice interprofessional meetings; however, systematic investigation of this possibility has been limited to date. The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the experiences and perspectives of hospice providers who regularly participate in interprofessional meetings as a first step toward improving teamwork in this setting. We interviewed 24 hospice providers and conducted a template analysis of qualitative data to identify barriers and facilitators to effective team functioning in interprofessional meetings. Participants recognised the ways meetings supported high-quality, holistic patient and family care but voiced frustrations over meeting inefficiencies, particularly in light of caseloads they perceived as overly demanding. Time constraints were often viewed as prohibiting the inclusion of interprofessional content and full participation of all team members. Findings suggest that modifications to interprofessional meetings such as standardising processes may enhance meeting efficiency and team functioning.
- Hospice care
- interprofessional care
- interprofessional collaboration
- patient care teams
- qualitative research