Targeting of Adenovirus via Genetic Modification of the Viral Capsid Combined with a Protein Bridge

Nikolay Korokhov, Galina Mikheeva, Alexander Krendelshchikov, Natalya Belousova, Vera Simonenko, Valentina Krendelshchikova, Alexander Pereboev, Alexander Kotov, Olga Kotova, Pierre L. Triozzi, Wayne A. Aldrich, Joanne T. Douglas, Kin Ming Lo, Papia T. Banerjee, Stephen D. Gillies, David T. Curiel, Victor Krasnykh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


A potential barrier to the development of genetically targeted adenovirus (Ad) vectors for cell-specific delivery of gene therapeutics lies in the fact that several types of targeting protein ligands require posttranslational modifications, such as the formation of disulfide bonds, which are not available to Ad capsid proteins due to their nuclear localization during assembly of the virion. To overcome this problem, we developed a new targeting strategy, which combines genetic modifications of the Ad capsid with a protein bridge approach, resulting in a vector-ligand targeting complex. The components of the complex associate by virtue of genetic modifications to both the Ad capsid and the targeting ligand. One component of this mechanism of association, the Fc-binding domain of Staphylococcus aureus protein A, is genetically incorporated into the Ad fiber protein. The ligand is comprised of a targeting component fused with the Fc domain of immunoglobulin, which serves as a docking moiety to bind to these genetically modified fibers during the formation of the Ad-ligand complex. The modular design of the ligand solves the problem of structural and biosynthetic compatibility with the Ad and thus facilitates targeting of the vector to a variety of cellular receptors. Our study shows that targeting ligands incorporating the Fc domain and either an anti-CD40 single-chain antibody or CD40L form stable complexes with protein A-modified Ad vectors, resulting in significant augmentation of gene delivery to CD40-positive target cells. Since this gene transfer is independent of the expression of the native Ad5 receptor by the target cells, this strategy results in the derivation of truly targeted Ad vectors suitable for tissue-specific gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12931-12940
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2003


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