BACKGROUND. Novel approaches to increasing the therapeutic efficacy of targeted radiotherapy of cancer are required. One strategy to achieve this goal is to induce high-level expression of a receptor on the surface of tumor cells that can be targeted with a radiolabeled peptide. The objectives of this study were to 1) induce somatostatin receptor (SSTr2) expression in tumor cells using an adenovirus encoding the SSTr2 gene (AdSSTr2), 2) demonstrate tumor localization of [111In]-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in AdSSTr2-injected tumors, and 3) show therapeutic efficacy with [90Y]-DOTA-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide ([90Y]-SMT 487). METHODS. SSTr2 expression was validated in vitro by the binding and subsequent internalization of [111In]-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide (21.3% per mg of total protein) in A-427 cells infected with AdSSTr2. In vivo imaging confirmed 5- to 10-fold greater uptake 5.5 hours after intravenous administration of [111In]-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in AdSSTr2-injected tumors relative to control tumors. For therapy studies, mice bearing established subcutaneous A-427 tumors were given two intratumoral injections of AdSSTr2 1 week apart, followed by an intravenous injection of 400 μCi or 500 μCi [90Y]-SMT 487 at 2 and 4 days after each adenoviral administration. Control animals either were not treated or were administered 500 μCi [90Y]-SMT 487 with no AdSSTr2 injection. RESULTS. These studies showed that untreated animals and animals treated with no virus and 500 μCi [90Y]-SMT 487 had median tumor quadrupling times of 16 and 25 days, respectively. Mice administered AdSSTr2 and either 400 μCi or 500 μCi of [90Y]-SMT 487 demonstrated significantly longer median tumor quadrupling times of 40 and 44 days, respectively (P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS. These studies are the first to demonstrate in vivo therapeutic efficacy using a radiolabeled peptide targeted to a receptor expressed on the surface of tumor cells following gene transfer. Future studies will focus on the optimization of this approach.
- Nonsmall cell lung cancer
- Somatostatin receptor