Targeted quantitation of site-specific cysteine oxidation in endogenous proteins using a differential alkylation and multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry approach

Jason M. Held, Steven R. Danielson, Jessica B. Behring, Christian Atsriku, David J. Britton, Rachel L. Puckett, Birgit Schilling, Judith Campisi, Christopher C. Benz, Bradford W. Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are both physiological intermediates in cellular signaling and mediators of oxidative stress. The cysteine-specific redox-sensitivity of proteins can shed light on how ROS are regulated and function, but low sensitivity has limited quantification of the redox state of many fundamental cellular regulators in a cellular context. Here we describe a highly sensitive and reproducible oxidation analysis approach (OxMRM) that combines protein purification, differential alkylation with stable isotopes, and multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry that can be applied in a targeted manner to virtually any cysteine or protein. Using this approach, we quantified the site-specific cysteine oxidation status of endogenous p53 for the first time and found that Cys182 at the dimerization interface of the DNA binding domain is particularly susceptible to diamide oxidation intracellularly. OxMRM enables analysis of sulfinic and sulfonic acid oxidation levels, which we validate by assessing the oxidation of the catalytic Cys215 of protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B under numerous oxidant conditions. OxMRM also complements unbiased redox proteomics discovery studies as a verification tool through its high sensitivity, accuracy, precision, and throughput.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1410
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

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