Tandem tyrosine phosphosites in the Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli chaperone CesT are required for differential type III effector translocation and virulence

Cameron S. Runte, Umang Jain, Landon J. Getz, Sabrina Secord, Asaomi Kuwae, Akio Abe, Jason J. LeBlanc, Andrew W. Stadnyk, James B. Kaper, Anne Marie Hansen, Nikhil A. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) use a type 3 secretion system (T3SS) for injection of effectors into host cells and intestinal colonization. Here, we demonstrate that the multicargo chaperone CesT has two strictly conserved tyrosine phosphosites, Y152 and Y153 that regulate differential effector secretion in EPEC. Conservative substitution of both tyrosine residues to phenylalanine strongly attenuated EPEC type 3 effector injection into host cells, and limited Tir effector mediated intimate adherence during infection. EPEC expressing a CesT Y152F variant were deficient for NleA effector expression and exhibited significantly reduced translocation of NleA into host cells during infection. Other effectors were observed to be dependent on CesT Y152 for maximal translocation efficiency. Unexpectedly, EPEC expressing a CesT Y153F variant exhibited significantly enhanced effector translocation of many CesT-interacting effectors, further implicating phosphosites Y152 and Y153 in CesT functionality. A mouse infection model of intestinal disease using Citrobacter rodentium revealed that CesT tyrosine substitution variants displayed delayed colonization and were more rapidly cleared from the intestine. These data demonstrate genetically separable functions for tandem tyrosine phosphosites within CesT. Therefore, CesT via its C-terminal tyrosine phosphosites, has relevant roles beyond typical type III secretion chaperones that interact and stabilize effector proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-550
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

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