We have previously shown that immunologically different mouse mammary cancer cell lines induce antitumor responses after IL2 or IL4 gene transfection. We now report the ability of cytokine-transfected tumors to induce eradication of established wild-type tumor. Animals with 6-day-old tumor treated with IL2-transfected cells also had significantly smaller tumors 2.8 and 1.7 cm2 (EMT6 and 410.4). Findings were similar for IL4-transfected cells. Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes or cells from draining lymph nodes demonstrated tumor-specific in vitro cytotoxicity. Immunohistochemical studies revealed T cell infiltrates in transfected tumors.
- Cytokine gene transfection mammary cancer