Syrian hamster as a permissive immunocompetent animal model for the study of oncolytic adenovirus vectors

Maria A. Thomas, Jacqueline F. Spencer, Marie C. La Regina, Debanjan Dhar, Ann E. Tollefson, Karoly Toth, William S.M. Wold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oncolytic adenoviruses represent an innovative approach to cancer therapy. These vectors are typically evaluated in immunodeficient mice with human xenograft tumors. However, in addition to being immunodeficient, this model is limited because normal and cancerous mouse tissues are poorly permissive for human adenovirus replication. This prompted us to search for a model that more accurately reflects the use of oncolytic adenoviruses in cancer patients. To this end, we developed a novel Syrian hamster model that is both immunocompetent and replication-permissive. We found that human adenovirus replicates well in Syrian hamster cell lines and confirmed replication in the lungs. Oncolytic adenovirus injection showed efficacy in three different hamster tumor models. Furthermore, i.t. oncolytic adenovirus injection resulted in suppression of primary and metastatic lesions, i.t. replication and necrosis, vector entrance into the bloodstream, replication in the liver and lungs, and antiadenovirus antibody induction. Our findings show that the Syrian hamster is a promising immunocompetent model that is permissive to human adenovirus replication in tumors as well as normal tissues. Therefore, the Syrian hamster model may become a valuable tool for the field of oncolytic adenovirus vectors in which vector safety and efficacy can be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1270-1276
Number of pages7
JournalCancer research
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

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