The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a self-report personality questionnaire based on Cloninger's psychobiological model of pensonality, which accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in the two major components of parsonality, temperament and character. Normative data for the Swedish TCI based on a representative Swedish sample of 1,300 adults are presented, and the psychometric properties of the questionnaire are discussed. The structure of the Swedish version replicates the American version well for the means, distribution of scores, and relationships within and between scales and subscales. Further, the Swedish inventory had a reliable factor structure and test-retest performance. The results of this study confirm the theory of temperament and character as a seven-factor model of personality.