The frequency, importance to patient outcomes, and independent predictors of postoperative swallowing dysfunction documented by barium cineradiography were examined in 869 patients undergoing cardiac operations over a 12-month period. Swallowing dysfunction was diagnosed in 34 patients (4% incidence) and was associated with documented pulmonary aspiration in 90% of these patients, increased frequency of pneumonia (p < 0.0001), need for tracheostomy (p = 0.0002), length of stay in the intensive care unit (p = 0.0001), and duration of hospitalization after the operation (p = 0.0001). Independent predictors of postoperative swallowing dysfunction determined by multivariate logistic regression included age (p < 0.001), length of tracheal intubation after the operation (p = 0.001), and intraoperative use of transesophageal echocardiography (p = 0.003). Dysfunctional swallowing after cardiac operations, a serious complication significantly related to postoperative respiratory morbidity and extended length of hospitalization, is more common in older patients. An association between intraoperative use of transesophageal echocardiography and swallowing dysfunction was also observed in our patients. (J T HORAC CARDIOVASC SURG 1995;110:517-22).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Aug 1995|