Surgical strategy and outcomes for atrial functional mitral regurgitation: All functional mitral regurgitation is not the same!

Michigan Mitral Research Group, Alexander A. Brescia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is a cardiac pathology that causes the mitral valve to malfunction, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). The optimal strategy for FMR remains unclear, and FMR outcomes are poor. All etiologies of FMR might not be the same, and subdividing patients with FMR caused by atrial (AFMR) versus ventricular FMR pathology might be important. Herein, we present outcomes of patients with AFMR to define this “new” population. Methods: Data of patients who underwent mitral valve repair for MR from 2000 to 2020 were reviewed. Patients with degenerative/myxomatous disease, ejection fraction <50% (ventricular FMR), and miscellaneous etiologies including endocarditis and rheumatic disease were excluded to isolate a population of “pure” AFMR patients. Descriptive characteristics and outcomes data were analyzed. Results: Among 123 total AFMR patients, mean preoperative left atrial dimensions were enlarged to 4.9 (95% CI, 4.7-5.0) cm, whereas mean preoperative left ventricular diastolic dimensions remained near normal at 5.0 (95% CI, 4.9-5.2) cm. Preoperative atrial fibrillation was noted in 61% (74/123). Echocardiogram was performed in 58% (71/123) of patients at a median of 569 (interquartile range, 75-1782) days after surgery. Of those, 72% (51/71) had trivial or no MR, 22% (16/71) mild, and only 6% (4/71) moderate or greater MR. Only 1.6% (2/123) required redo mitral valve reoperation. Estimated 5-year survival was 74%. Conclusions: Patients with AFMR do well after mitral valve repair using an annuloplasty ring, with low rates of reoperation, mortality, and recurrence of MR. Mitral annuloplasty should be considered the surgical therapy of choice for AFMR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-655
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • atrial functional mitral regurgitation
  • mitral valve repair


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