Surgical options for aortic root aneurysm disease: which procedure, which patient

Matthew R. Schill, Puja Kachroo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Several surgical repair strategies are available for patients with aortic root aneurysms. This review summarizes the indications for surgery, surgical treatment options, as well their associated outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the development and increasing adoption of valve sparing aortic root replacement, most patients with aortic root aneurysms still undergo placement of a composite valved graft. Valve sparing aortic root replacement may have a lower rate of bleeding and thrombotic complications during long-term follow-up with excellent long-term survival and low rates of aortic valve reintervention. SUMMARY: Patients with aortic root aneurysms who are symptomatic or reach the recommended size criteria should undergo surgical repair. Most patients receive composite valve graft conduits with good outcomes. The presence of normal aortic leaflet tissue and minimal regurgitation, including those with connective tissue disorders, should be evaluated for valve sparing aortic root replacement. Valve sparing procedures are durable and obviate the need for lifelong anticoagulation and avoid the risk of structural degeneration of bioprosthetic valves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-688
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

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