Surgical considerations in infant lung transplantation: Challenges and opportunities

John P. Costello, Horacio G. Carvajal, Aaron M. Abarbanell, Pirooz Eghtesady, Dilip S. Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lung transplantation is a crucial component in the treatment of end-stage lung disease in infants. Traditionally, most lung transplants have been performed in older children and adults, resulting in a scarcity of data for infant patients. To address the challenges unique to this age group, novel strategies to provide the best preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care for these youngest patients are paramount. We review recent advances in bridge-to-transplantation therapy, including the use of a paracorporeal lung assist device, and differences in surgical technique, including bronchial artery revascularization, for incorporation into the overarching treatment strategy for infants undergoing lung transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • artificial organs/ support devices: lung
  • clinical research/ practice
  • lung disease: congenital
  • lung transplantation/ pulmonology
  • pediatrics
  • surgical technique

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