14 Scopus citations


We consider the passive direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation problem using arrays of acoustic vector-sensors located in a fluid, at or near a plane boundary. We formulate a general measurement model applicable to most surfaces, and derive an expression for the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) of a single source. The CRB is used to analyze the practically important cases of ideal rigid and pressure-release surfaces in detail. An important quantitative comparison is made between a stand-off array of pressure sensors and a surface-mounted array of velocity sensors for the latter surface. In particular, we define and find an expression for the critical distance, at which the arrays have an equivalent performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3169-3172
Number of pages4
JournalICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1996
EventProceedings of the 1996 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP. Part 1 (of 6) - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: May 7 1996May 10 1996


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