Abstract: Saturable and stereoselective binding sites for [3H]threo‐(±)‐methylphenidate were characterized in rat brain membranes. The highest density of [3H]threo‐(±)‐ methylphenidate binding sites was found in the synapto somal fraction of corpus striatum. Scatchard analysis revealed a single class of noninteracting binding sites with an apparent dissociation constant (KD) of 235 nM and a maximum number of binding sites (Bmax) of 13.4 pmol/mg protein. Saturable, high‐affinity binding of [3H]threo‐(±)‐methylphenidate to striatal synaptosomal membranes was dependent on the presence of sodium ions. A good correlation (r = 0.88; p < 0.001) was observed between the potencies of various psychotropic drugs in displacing [3H]threo‐(±)‐methylphenidate from these sites and their potencies as inhibitors of [3H]3,4‐dihydroxyphenylethyl‐ amine ([3H]dopamine) uptake into striatal synaptosomes. A good correlation (r = 0.85; p < 0.001) was also observed between the potencies of a series of ritalinic acid esters in inhibiting [3H]threo‐(±)‐methylphenidate binding to striatal synaptosomal membranes and their potencies as motor stimulants in mice. These observations suggest that the binding sites for [3H]threo‐(±)‐methyl‐phenidate described here are associated with a dopamine uptake or transport complex, and that these sites may mediate the motor stimulant properties of ritalinic acid esters such as methylphenidate.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 1985|
- Dopamine up
- [H]Threo‐ (±)‐methylphenidate‐Ritalinic acid
- take stimulants