Sulfonylurea Receptor 1 Subunits of ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channels and Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury

David J. Lefer, Colin G. Nichols, William A. Coetzee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

KATP channels are generally cardioprotective under conditions of metabolic impairment, consisting of pore-forming (Kir6.1 and/or Kir6.2) and sulphonylurea-binding, modulatory subunits [sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) 1, 2A, or 2B]. Cardiovascular KATP channels are generally thought to consist of Kir6.2/SUR2A subunits (in the case of heart muscle) or Kir6.1/SUR2B subunits (smooth muscle), whereas SUR1-containing channels have well-documented roles in pancreatic insulin release. Recent data, however, demonstrated the presence of SUR1 subunits in mouse cardiac tissue (particularly in atria) and a surprising protection from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in SUR1-null mice. Here, we review some of the extra-pancreatic roles assigned to SUR1 subunits and consider whether these might be involved in the sequelae of ischemia/reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

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