Substrate specificity of eukaryotic signal peptidase. Site-saturation mutagenesis at position -1 regulates cleavage between multiple sites in human pre(Δpro)apolipoprotein A-II

R. J. Folz, S. F. Nothwehr, J. I. Gordon

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Abstract

We have previously described a novel mutant of human preproapolipoprotein A-II (pre(Δpro)apoA-II) in which the wild-type 18-amino acid-long signal sequence (Gly(18↓)) was functionally redefined to 20 amino acids in length (Ala(20↓)). We have used this mutant as a model preprotein to probe the substrate specificity of eukaryotic signal peptidase. Site-saturation mutagenesis was performed resulting in the substitution of 13 different amino acids (acidic, basic, aromatic, hydrophobic, and small-neutral) for Ala20 (or position -1). The effects of these substitutions were assessed using an in vitro transcription/translation/microsomal membrane processing system. NH2-terminal sequence analysis of the 13 mutant proteins demonstrated that amino acids which occupy position -1 in a signal peptide are critical in establishing a good context for signal peptidase cleavage and that two or more potential sites of cleavage may compete for recognition by signal peptidase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2070-2078
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988

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