Structures of radial spokes and associated complexes important for ciliary motility

Miao Gui, Meisheng Ma, Erica Sze-Tu, Xiangli Wang, Fujiet Koh, Ellen D. Zhong, Bonnie Berger, Joseph H. Davis, Susan K. Dutcher, Rui Zhang, Alan Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

In motile cilia, a mechanoregulatory network is responsible for converting the action of thousands of dynein motors bound to doublet microtubules into a single propulsive waveform. Here, we use two complementary cryo-EM strategies to determine structures of the major mechanoregulators that bind ciliary doublet microtubules in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. We determine structures of isolated radial spoke RS1 and the microtubule-bound RS1, RS2 and the nexin−dynein regulatory complex (N-DRC). From these structures, we identify and build atomic models for 30 proteins, including 23 radial-spoke subunits. We reveal how mechanoregulatory complexes dock to doublet microtubules with regular 96-nm periodicity and communicate with one another. Additionally, we observe a direct and dynamically coupled association between RS2 and the dynein motor inner dynein arm subform c (IDAc), providing a molecular basis for the control of motor activity by mechanical signals. These structures advance our understanding of the role of mechanoregulation in defining the ciliary waveform.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

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