Structure of the L Protein of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus from Electron Cryomicroscopy

Bo Liang, Zongli Li, Simon Jenni, Amal A. Rahmeh, Benjamin M. Morin, Timothy Grant, Nikolaus Grigorieff, Stephen C. Harrison, Sean P.J. Whelan

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116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary The large (L) proteins of non-segmented, negative-strand RNA viruses, a group that includes Ebola and rabies viruses, catalyze RNA-dependent RNA polymerization with viral ribonucleoprotein as template, a non-canonical sequence of capping and methylation reactions, and polyadenylation of viral messages. We have determined by electron cryomicroscopy the structure of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) L protein. The density map, at a resolution of 3.8 Å, has led to an atomic model for nearly all of the 2109-residue polypeptide chain, which comprises three enzymatic domains (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase [RdRp], polyribonucleotidyl transferase [PRNTase], and methyltransferase) and two structural domains. The RdRp resembles the corresponding enzymatic regions of dsRNA virus polymerases and influenza virus polymerase. A loop from the PRNTase (capping) domain projects into the catalytic site of the RdRp, where it appears to have the role of a priming loop and to couple product elongation to large-scale conformational changes in L.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8265
Pages (from-to)314-327
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume162
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2015
Externally publishedYes

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    Liang, B., Li, Z., Jenni, S., Rahmeh, A. A., Morin, B. M., Grant, T., Grigorieff, N., Harrison, S. C., & Whelan, S. P. J. (2015). Structure of the L Protein of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus from Electron Cryomicroscopy. Cell, 162(2), 314-327. [8265]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.06.018