Structural study of the C-terminal domain of nonstructural protein 1 from Japanese encephalitis virus

Thanalai Poonsiri, Gareth S.A. Wright, Michael S. Diamond, Lance Turtle, Tom Solomon, Svetlana V. Antonyuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to other emerging viral pathogens, including dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). JEV infection can result in meningitis and encephalitis, which in severe cases cause permanent brain damage and death. JEV occurs predominantly in rural areas throughout Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Far East, causing around 68,000 cases of infection worldwide each year. In this report, we present a 2.1-Å-resolution crystal structure of the C-terminal β-ladder domain of JEV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1-C). The surface charge distribution of JEV NS1-C is similar to those of WNV and ZIKV but differs from that of DENV. Analysis of the JEV NS1-C structure, with in silico molecular dynamics simulation and experimental solution small-angle X-ray scattering, indicates extensive loop flexibility on the exterior of the protein. This, together with the surface charge distribution, indicates that flexibility influences the proteinprotein interactions that govern pathogenicity. These factors also affect the interaction of NS1 with the 22NS1 monoclonal antibody, which is protective against West Nile virus infection. Liposome and heparin binding assays indicate that only the N-terminal region of NS1 mediates interaction with membranes and that sulfate binding sites common to NS1 structures are not glycosaminoglycan binding interfaces. This report highlights several differences between flavivirus NS1 proteins and contributes to our understanding of their structurepathogenic function relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01868-17
JournalJournal of virology
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Japanese encephalitis virus
  • Neutralizing antibodies
  • Nonstructural protein 1
  • Protein crystallography
  • Protein structure-function

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