Structural studies of the endoglycosidase H-resistant oligosaccharides present on human beta-glucuronidase.

D. R. Howard, M. Natowicz, J. U. Baenziger

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Abstract

Human beta-glucuronidase bears 3-4 oligosaccharide moieties/subunit of Mr = 75,000. We have previously characterized the endoglycosidase H-releasable oligosaccharides of this enzyme including those which are phosphorylated and involved in targeting to lysosomes. In this study, we report the characterization of the endoglycosidase H-resistant oligosaccharides which were released from beta-glucuronidase with anhydrous hydrazine. Approximately 65% of the hydrazine-released oligosaccharides are of the high mannose type, with the predominant species containing 9 mannose residues. The remaining oligosaccharides appear to originate from incomplete complex oligosaccharides. Their basic structures are Man alpha 1,6Man beta 1,4Glc-NAc beta 1,4GlcNAcol, and Man alpha 1,3[Man alpha 1,6]Man beta 1,4Glc-NAc beta 1,4GlcNAcol with roughly half of each species containing an additional fucose linked alpha 1,6 to the N-acetylglucosaminitol (GlcNAcol) residue. The small amount of complex oligosaccharide present bearing 1 sialic acid was heterogeneous in nature with incompletion of the nonsialylated branch. In addition, there was a minor specie of high mannose-type oligosaccharide bearing 5 mannose residues with an alpha 1,6-linked fucose on the GlcNAcol. This structure was not expected since high mannose-type oligosaccharides have been reported to not be substrates for the alpha 1,6-fucosyl transferase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10861-10868
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume257
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 25 1982
Externally publishedYes

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