Normal immune surveillance depends on the ability of MHC class II molecules to bind peptide antigens and carry them to the cell surface for display to T cells. To do this efficiently, class II molecules must be able to bind peptides from a broad array of antigen sequences and retain them at the cell surface long enough for T-cell recognition to occur. Class II molecules accomplish this task through a combination of clever structural biochemistry and the help of at least two different molecular chaperones: the class II-associated invariant chain (Ii); and a non-peptide binding class II molecule termed H2-DM in mouse and HLA-DM in man (DM). Here, we compare the existing 3-dimensional structures of class II-peptide complexes in order to review the general principles of peptide binding and presentation. We extend this analysis to include the structures of proteins known to interact with MHC class II, focusing primarily on the Ii chain and DM.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Reviews in immunogenetics|
|State||Published - 1999|