Structural characterization of cardiolipin by tandem quadrupole and multiple-stage quadrupole ion-trap mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization

Fong Fu Hsu, John Turk, Elizabeth R. Rhoades, David G. Russell, Yixin Shi, Eduardo A. Groisman

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Abstract

We report negative-ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometric methods for structural characterization of cardiolipin (CL), a four-acyl-chain phospholipid containing two distinct phosphatidyl moieties, of which structural assignment of the fatty acid residues attached to the glycerol backbones performed by low-energy CAD tandem mass spectrometry has not been previously described. The low-energy MS2-spectra of the [M - H]- and [M - 2H] 2- ions obtained with ion-trap or with tandem quadrupole instrument combined with ion-trap MS3-spectra or with source CAD product-ion spectra provide complete structural information for CL characterization. The MS2-spectra of the [M - H]- ions contain two sets of prominent fragment ions that comprise a phosphatidic acid, a dehydrated phosphatidylglycerol, and a (phosphatidic acid + 136) anion. The substantial differences in the abundances of the two distinct phosphatidic anions observed in the MS2-spectra of the [M -H]- ions lead to the assignment of the phosphatidyl moieties attached to the 1′ or 3′ position of central glycerol. Upon further collisional dissociation, the MS 3-spectra of the phosphatidic anions provide information to identify the fatty acyl substituents and their position in the glycerol backbone. The MS2-spectra of the [M - 2H]2- ions obtained with TSQ or ITMS contain complementary information to confirm structural assignment. The applications of the above methods in the differentiation of cardiolipin isomers and in the identification of complex cardiolipin species consisting of multiple molecular structures are also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-504
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

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