Data gathered from the expression of cDNAs that encode the subunits of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels have demonstrated important structural and functional similarities among these channels. Despite these convergences, there are also significant differences in the nature and functional importance of subunit-subunit and protein-Ca2+ channel interactions. There is evidence demonstrating that the functional differences between Ca2+ channel subtypes is due to several factors, including the expression of distinct alpha 1 subunit proteins, the selective association of structural subunits and modulatory proteins, and differences in posttranslational processing and cell regulation. We summarize several avenues of research that should provide significant clues about the structural features involved in the biophysical and functional diversity of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels.
|Number of pages||47|
|State||Published - 1996|