Structural and Biochemical Characterization of the Flavin-Dependent Siderophore-Interacting Protein from Acinetobacter baumannii

Hannah Valentino, David A. Korasick, Tabbetha J. Bohac, Justin A. Shapiro, Timothy A. Wencewicz, John J. Tanner, Pablo Sobrado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen with a high mortality rate due to multi-drug-resistant strains. The synthesis and uptake of the iron-chelating siderophores acinetobactin (Acb) and preacinetobactin (pre-Acb) have been shown to be essential for virulence. Here, we report the kinetic and structural characterization of BauF, a flavin-dependent siderophore-interacting protein (SIP) required for the reduction of Fe(III) bound to Acb/pre-Acb and release of Fe(II). Stopped-flow spectrophotometric studies of the reductive half-reaction show that BauF forms a stable neutral flavin semiquinone intermediate. Reduction with NAD(P)H is very slow (kobs, 0.001 s-1) and commensurate with the rate of reduction by photobleaching, suggesting that NAD(P)H are not the physiological partners of BauF. The reduced BauF was oxidized by Acb-Fe (kobs, 0.02 s-1) and oxazole pre-Acb-Fe (ox-pre-Acb-Fe) (kobs, 0.08 s-1), a rigid analogue of pre-Acb, at a rate 3-11 times faster than that with molecular oxygen alone. The structure of FAD-bound BauF was solved at 2.85 Å and was found to share a similarity to Shewanella SIPs. The biochemical and structural data presented here validate the role of BauF in A. baumannii iron assimilation and provide information important for drug design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18537-18547
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume6
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2021

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