Streptococcus pneumoniae–An Uncommon but Noteworthy Cause of Intrauterine Fetal Demise and Acute Necrotizing Funisitis

Madhu M. Ouseph, Hannah Krigman, Mai He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is an uncommon cause of amniotic fluid infection and intrauterine fetal demise. Case report: A 39-year-old G8P2052 presented with preterm premature rupture of membrane at 22 weeks gestation and had a spontaneous vaginal delivery of a neonate who soon expired. Placental examination revealed retroplacental hematoma, acute necrotizing chorioamnionitis, acute three-vessel vasculitis and necrotizing funisitis of the umbilical cord. Postmortem examination demonstrated features of amniotic fluid infection syndrome with blood culture growing S. pneumoniae. Antenatal screening does not typically quantify S. pneumoniae infection, but small series have found vaginal colonization in fewer than 1% of women. Intrauterine or peritoneal infection derives primarily from ascending infection although other routes are hypothetically possible. Intra-amniotic and neonatal infections by S. pneumoniae are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Conclusion: S. pneumoniae should be considered in perinatal death of immature fetus with severe amniotic fluid infection syndrome and acute necrotizing funisitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2019

Keywords

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • intrauterine fetal demise
  • necrotizing funisitis

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