Stomach lysozymes of ruminants. II. Amino acid sequence of cow lysozyme 2 and immunological comparisons with other lysozymes

P. Jolles, F. Schoentgen, J. Jolles, Deborah E. Dobson, Ellen M. Prager, Allan C. Wilsonn

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Abstract

The complete sequence of 129 amino acids has been determined for one of three closely related lysozymes c purified from cow stomach mucosa. The sequence differs from those known for 17 other lysozymes c at 39-60 positions, at one of which there has been a deletion of 1 amino acid. The glutamate replacement at position 101 and the deletion of proline at position 102 eliminate the aspartyl-prolyl bond that is present between these positions in all other mammalian lysozymes c tested. This bond appears to be the most acid-sensitive one in such lysozymes at physiological temperature. Of the 40 positions previously found to be invariant among lysozymes c, only one has undergone substitution in the cow lineage. This modest number of changes at novel positions is consistent with the inference, based on tree analysis and antigenic comparisons, that the tempo of evolutionary change in the cow lysozyme lineage has not been radically different from that in other lysozyme c lineages. The mutations responsible for the distinctive catalytic properties and stability of cow lysozyme c could be a minor fraction of the total that have been fixed in the cow lineage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11617-11625
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1984

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