NK cells lyse certain tumor cell targets but the effector cell surface molecules responsible for this reactivity remain uncertain. The allotypic NK1.1 Ag is the most specific serologic marker on murine cells that display non-MHC-restricted cytolysis of tumor cell targets, but no function has been previously ascribed to this Ag. In this report, we demonstrate that, in the presence of a mAb specific for the NK1.1 Ag (mAb PK136), freshly isolated and IL-2-activated NK cells from C57BL/6 mice can be induced to lyse an otherwise resistant target cell, Daudi. This phenomenon is effector and mAb specific because NK cells derived from BALB/c mice do not express the NK1.1 Ag and cannot be triggered by mAb PK136. We demonstrate that IL-2 activated but not freshly isolated NK cells express the Ly-6 and VEA Ag, originally described as T cell activation Ag. Moreover, mAb specific for Ly-6 and VEA induce target cell lysis by IL-2 activated but not freshly isolated NK cells. These mAb effects are specific, concentration dependent, and display kinetics that are similar to spontaneous cytolysis of NK-sensitive targets. The Fc portion of the activating antibodies and only FcR bearing target cells participate in mAb-induced activation, consistent with the mechanism of redirected lysis. Finally, analysis of Daudi cells transfected with β2-microglobulin gene demonstrate that the expression of MHC class I Ag by the target cell does not affect its sensitivity to mAb-induced lysis by NK cells. These data demonstrate that the NK1.1 Ag is functionally active on both freshly isolated and IL-2-activated NK cells and that IL-2-activated NK cells possess additional pathways of specific stimulation.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|