Status of Early-Career Academic Cardiology: A Global Perspective

Carl W. Tong, Meena S. Madhur, Anne K. Rzeszut, Marwah Abdalla, Islam Abudayyeh, Erick Alexanderson, Jonathan Buber, Dmitriy N. Feldman, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Ravi S. Hira, Andrew M. Kates, Thorsten Kessler, Steve Leung, Satish R. Raj, Erica S. Spatz, Melanie B. Turner, Anne Marie Valente, Kristin West, Chittur A. Sivaram, Joseph A. HillDouglas L. Mann, Andrew M. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Early-career academic cardiologists, who many believe are an important component of the future of cardiovascular care, face myriad challenges. The Early Career Section Academic Working Group of the American College of Cardiology, with senior leadership support, assessed the progress of this cohort from 2013 to 2016 with a global perspective. Data consisted of accessing National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute public information, data from the American Heart Association and international organizations, and a membership-wide survey. Although the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute increased funding of career development grants, only a small number of early-career American College of Cardiology members have benefited as funding of the entire cohort has decreased. Personal motivation, institutional support, and collaborators continued to be positive influential factors. Surprisingly, mentoring ceased to correlate positively with obtaining external grants. The totality of findings suggests that the status of early-career academic cardiologists remains challenging; therefore, the authors recommend a set of attainable solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2290-2303
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number18
StatePublished - Oct 31 2017


  • cardiology profession
  • clinician-scientist
  • early-career academic cardiologist
  • mentoring
  • physician-scientist


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