Statewide evaluation of new hiv diagnoses in rhode island: Implications for prevention

S. Philip A. Chan, Madeline C. Montgomery, Jennifer Rose, Alec Tributino, Christina Crowley, Martha M. Medina, Rupa Patel, Kenneth Mayer, Rami Kantor, Amy S. Nunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Patterns of HIV transmission vary widely across demographic groups. Identifying and engaging these groups are necessary to prevent new infections and diagnose disease among people who are unaware of their infection. The objective of this study was to determine characteristics of newly diagnosed individuals across an entire state to determine patterns of HIV transmission. Methods: We evaluated data on people with new HIV diagnoses in Rhode Island from 2013 through 2015. We performed a latent class analysis (LCA) to identify underlying demographic and behavioral characteristics of people with newly diagnosed HIV. Results: Of 167 people with new HIV diagnoses interviewed in Rhode Island from 2013 through 2015, 132 (79%) were male, 84 (50%) were nonwhite, 112 (67%) were men who have sex with men (MSM), 112 (67%) were born in the United States, and 61 (37%) were born in Rhode Island. LCA revealed 2 major classes. Of the 98 people in class 1, 96% were male, 85% were MSM, 80% were white, 94% were born in the United States, and 80% believed they acquired HIV in Rhode Island. Class 2 was 63% male and 69% Hispanic/Latino; 29% were born in the United States, and 61% believed they acquired HIV in Rhode Island. Conclusions: Most new HIV diagnoses in Rhode Island were among MSM born in the United States, and a substantial number were likely infected in-state. People with newly diagnosed HIV who were foreign-born, including Hispanic/Latino and heterosexual groups, were less likely to have acquired HIV in Rhode Island than were MSM. HIV prevention approaches, including pre-exposure prophylaxis, should be adapted to the needs of specific groups. Rhode Island offers lessons for other states focused on eliminating HIV transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-496
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume133
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • 90-90-90
  • HIV prevention
  • Immigrants
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

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