Staphylococcus aureus colonization in children with community-associated staphylococcus aureus skin infections and their household contacts

Stephanie A. Fritz, Patrick G. Hogan, Genevieve Hayek, Kimberly A. Eisenstein, Marcela Rodriguez, Melissa Krauss, Jane Garbutt, Victoria J. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To measure prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus colonization in household contacts of children with acute S aureus skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI), determine risk factors for S aureus colonization in household contacts, and assess anatomic sites of S aureus colonization in patients and household contacts. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: St Louis Children's Hospital Emergency Department and ambulatory wound center and 9 community pediatric practices affiliated with a practice-based research network. Participants: Patients with community-associated S aureus SSTI and S aureus colonization (in the nose, axilla, and/or inguinal folds) and their household contacts. Outcome Measures: Colonization of household contacts of pediatric patients with S aureus colonization and SSTI. Results: Of 183 index patients, 112 (61%) were colonized with methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA); 54 (30%), with methicillin-sensitive S aureus (MSSA); and 17 (9%), with both MRSA and MSSA. Of 609 household contacts, 323 (53%) were colonized with S aureus: 115 (19%) with MRSA, 195 (32%) with MSSA, and 13 (2%) with both. Parents were more likely than other household contacts to be colonized with MRSA (odds ratio, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.12 to 2.63). Methicillin-resistant S aureus colonized the inguinal folds more frequently than MSSA (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.16 to 2.41), and MSSA colonized the nose more frequently thanMRSA(odds ratio, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.19 to 2.56). Conclusions: Household contacts of children with S aureus SSTI had a high rate of MRSA colonization compared with the general population. The inguinal fold is a prominent site of MRSA colonization, which may be an important consideration for active surveillance programs in hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-557
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume166
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

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