Squamous papillomas of the lung are an uncommon feature of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, occurring in fewer than 1% of cases. We describe a 23-year-old patient with pulmonary papillomas who developed a fatal squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. PCR-based human papillomavirus (HPV) typing showed the presence of HPV 11 DNA in both benign papillomas and invasive carcinoma. A review of the literature reveals four reports of malignant transformation of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in which HPV typing was performed. Similar clinical features are noted in all of the reports; specifically, each case has arisen in a young adult man with a history of papillomatosis since childhood. In each of the cases, HPV 11 was identified in association with the squamous cell carcinoma. Although HPV 11 is uncommonly associated with the development of invasive carcinoma at other sites, these findings suggest that it is correlated with malignant transformation in the setting of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Human papillomavirus 11
- Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
- Squamous cell carcinoma.