SPTSSA variants alter sphingolipid synthesis and cause a complex hereditary spastic paraplegia

Siddharth Srivastava, Hagar Mor Shaked, Kenneth Gable, Sita D. Gupta, Xueyang Pan, Niranjanakumari Somashekarappa, Gongshe Han, Payam Mohassel, Marc Gotkine, Elizabeth Doney, Paula Goldenberg, Queenie K.G. Tan, Yi Gong, Benjamin Kleinstiver, Brian Wishart, Heidi Cope, Claudia Brito Pires, Hannah Stutzman, Rebecca C. Spillmann, Mercedes E. AlejandroMahshid S. Azamian, Carlos A. Bacino, Ashok Balasubramanyam, Lindsay C. Burrage, Hsiao Tuan Chao, Gary D. Clark, William J. Craigen, Hongzheng Dai, Shweta U. Dhar, Lisa T. Emrick, Alica M. Goldman, Neil A. Hanchard, Fariha Jamal, Lefkothea Karaviti, Seema R. Lalani, Brendan H. Lee, Richard A. Lewis, Ronit Marom, Paolo M. Moretti, David R. Murdock, Sarah K. Nicholas, James P. Orengo, Jennifer E. Posey, Lorraine Potocki, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Susan L. Samson, Daryl A. Scott, Alyssa A. Tran, Tiphanie P. Vogel, Michael F. Wangler, Shinya Yamamoto, Christine M. Eng, Pengfei Liu, Patricia A. Ward, Edward Behrens, Matthew Deardorff, Marni Falk, Kelly Hassey, Kathleen Sullivan, Adeline Vanderver, David B. Goldstein, Heidi Cope, Allyn Mcconkie-Rosell, Kelly Schoch, Vandana Shashi, Edward C. Smith, Rebecca C. Spillmann, Jennifer A. Sullivan, Queenie K.G. Tan, Nicole M. Walley, Pankaj B. Agrawal, Alan H. Beggs, Gerard T. Berry, Lauren C. Briere, Laurel A. Cobban, Matthew Coggins, Cynthia M. Cooper, Elizabeth L. Fieg, Frances High, Ingrid A. Holm, Susan Korrick, Joel B. Krier, Sharyn A. Lincoln, Joseph Loscalzo, Richard L. Maas, Calum A. Macrae, J. Carl Pallais, Deepak A. Rao, Lance H. Rodan, Edwin K. Silverman, Joan M. Stoler, David A. Sweetser, Melissa Walker, Chris A. Walsh, Cecilia Esteves, Emily G. Kelley, Isaac S. Kohane, Kimberly Leblanc, Alexa T. Mccray, Anna Nagy, Surendra Dasari, Brendan C. Lanpher, Ian R. Lanza, Eva Morava, Devin Oglesbee, Guney Bademci, Deborah Barbouth, Stephanie Bivona, Olveen Carrasquillo, Ta Chen Peter Chang, Irman Forghani, Alana Grajewski, Rosario Isasi, Byron Lam, Roy Levitt, Xue Zhong Liu, Jacob Mccauley, Ralph Sacco, Mario Saporta, Judy Schaechter, Mustafa Tekin, Fred Telischi, Willa Thorson, Stephan Zuchner, Heather A. Colley, Jyoti G. Dayal, David J. Eckstein, Laurie C. Findley, Donna M. Krasnewich, Laura A. Mamounas, Teri A. Manolio, John J. Mulvihill, Grace L. Lamoure, Madison P. Goldrich, Tiina K. Urv, Argenia L. Doss, Maria T. Acosta, Carsten Bonnenmann, Precilla D'souza, David D. Draper, Carlos Ferreira, Rena A. Godfrey, Catherine A. Groden, Ellen F. Macnamara, Valerie V. Maduro, Thomas C. Markello, Avi Nath, Donna Novacic, Barbara N. Pusey, Camilo Toro, Colleen E. Wahl, Eva Baker, Elizabeth A. Burke, David R. Adams, William A. Gahl, May Christine V. Malicdan, Cynthia J. Tifft, Lynne A. Wolfe, John Yang, Bradley Power, Bernadette Gochuico, Laryssa Huryn, Lea Latham, Joie Davis, Deborah Mosbrook-Davis, Francis Rossignol, Ben Solomon, John Macdowall, Audrey Thurm, Wadih Zein, Muhammad Yousef, Margaret Adam, Laura Amendola, Michael Bamshad, Anita Beck, Jimmy Bennett, Beverly Berg-Rood, Elizabeth Blue, Brenna Boyd, Peter Byers, Sirisak Chanprasert, Michael Cunningham, Katrina Dipple, Daniel Doherty, Dawn Earl, Ian Glass, Katie Golden-Grant, Sihoun Hahn, Anne Hing, Fuki M. Hisama, Martha Horike-Pyne, Gail P. Jarvik, Jeffrey Jarvik, Suman Jayadev, Christina Lam, Kenneth Maravilla, Heather Mefford, J. Lawrence Merritt, Ghayda Mirzaa, Deborah Nickerson, Wendy Raskind, Natalie Rosenwasser, C. Ron Scott, Angela Sun, Virginia Sybert, Stephanie Wallace, Mark Wener, Tara Wenger, Euan A. Ashley, Gill Bejerano, Jonathan A. Bernstein, Devon Bonner, Terra R. Coakley, Liliana Fernandez, Paul G. Fisher, Laure Fresard, Jason Hom, Yong Huang, Jennefer N. Kohler, Elijah Kravets, Marta M. Majcherska, Beth A. Martin, Shruti Marwaha, Colleen E. Mccormack, Archana N. Raja, Chloe M. Reuter, Maura Ruzhnikov, Jacinda B. Sampson, Kevin S. Smith, Shirley Sutton, Holly K. Tabor, Brianna M. Tucker, Matthew T. Wheeler, Diane B. Zastrow, Chunli Zhao, William E. Byrd, Andrew B. Crouse, Matthew Might, Mariko Nakano-Okuno, Jordan Whitlock, Gabrielle Brown, Manish J. Butte, Esteban C. Dell'angelica, Naghmeh Dorrani, Emilie D. Douine, Brent L. Fogel, Irma Gutierrez, Alden Huang, Deborah Krakow, Hane Lee, Sandra K. Loo, Bryan C. Mak, Martin G. Martin, Julian A. Martínez-Agosto, Elisabeth Mcgee, Stanley F. Nelson, Shirley Nieves-Rodriguez, Christina G.S. Palmer, Jeanette C. Papp, Neil H. Parker, Genecee Renteria, Rebecca H. Signer, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Jijun Wan, Lee Kai Wang, Katherine Wesseling Perry, Jeremy D. Woods, Justin Alvey, Ashley Andrews, Jim Bale, John Bohnsack, Lorenzo Botto, John Carey, Laura Pace, Nicola Longo, Gabor Marth, Paolo Moretti, Aaron Quinlan, Matt Velinder, Dave Viskochi, Pinar Bayrak-Toydemir, Rong Mao, Monte Westerfield, Anna Bican, Elly Brokamp, Laura Duncan, Rizwan Hamid, Jennifer Kennedy, Mary Kozuira, John H. Newman, John A. Phillipsiii, Lynette Rives, Amy K. Robertson, Emily Solem, Joy D. Cogan, F. Sessions Cole, Nichole Hayes, Dana Kiley, Kathy Sisco, Jennifer Wambach, Daniel Wegner, Dustin Baldridge, Stephen Pak, Timothy Schedl, Jimann Shin, Lilianna Solnica-Krezel, Reza Sadjadi, Orly Elpeleg, Chia Hsueh Lee, Hugo J. Bellen, Simon Edvardson, Florian Eichler, Teresa M. Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sphingolipids are a diverse family of lipids with critical structural and signalling functions in the mammalian nervous system, where they are abundant in myelin membranes. Serine palmitoyltransferase, the enzyme that catalyses the rate-limiting reaction of sphingolipid synthesis, is composed of multiple subunits including an activating subunit, SPTSSA. Sphingolipids are both essential and cytotoxic and their synthesis must therefore be tightly regulated. Key to the homeostatic regulation are the ORMDL proteins that are bound to serine palmitoyltransferase and mediate feedback inhibition of enzymatic activity when sphingolipid levels become excessive. Exome sequencing identified potential disease-causing variants in SPTSSA in three children presenting with a complex form of hereditary spastic paraplegia. The effect of these variants on the catalytic activity and homeostatic regulation of serine palmitoyltransferase was investigated in human embryonic kidney cells, patient fibroblasts and Drosophila. Our results showed that two different pathogenic variants in SPTSSA caused a hereditary spastic paraplegia resulting in progressive motor disturbance with variable sensorineural hearing loss and language/cognitive dysfunction in three individuals. The variants in SPTSSA impaired the negative regulation of serine palmitoyltransferase by ORMDLs leading to excessive sphingolipid synthesis based on biochemical studies and in vivo studies in Drosophila. These findings support the pathogenicity of the SPTSSA variants and point to excessive sphingolipid synthesis due to impaired homeostatic regulation of serine palmitoyltransferase as responsible for defects in early brain development and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1420-1435
Number of pages16
JournalBrain
Volume146
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

Keywords

  • ORMDLs
  • SPTSSA
  • hereditary spastic paraplegia
  • serine palmitoyltransferase
  • sphingolipids

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