Specialized tobacco quitline and basic needs navigation interventions to increase cessation among low income smokers: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Amy McQueen, Christina Roberts, Rachel Garg, Charlene Caburnay, Qiang Fu, Jacob Gordon, Terry Bush, Robin Pokojski, Tess Thompson, Matthew Kreuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Smoking in the United States follows a clear socioeconomic gradient: low-income Americans smoke more and quit less than those with more education and income. Evidence-based interventions like tobacco quitlines are designed to make effective cessation services available on a population basis to all smokers. However, these interventions do not address many of the unique challenges faced by low-income smokers, including unmet basic needs like food, housing, personal safety and money for necessities that often supersede health needs. Research is needed to maximize the use and effectiveness of tobacco quitlines in low-income populations. This paper details the rationale, design and methods for a 2 × 2 randomized controlled trial currently underway comparing the effects of Standard and Specialized Tobacco Quitlines with and without Basic Needs Navigation on intervention engagement and smoking cessation among low-income smokers. Smokers are recruited from United Way 2-1-1 in Missouri and all participants receive tobacco quitline services from Optum. Quitline and navigation services are provided for 3 months. Participants complete telephone surveys at baseline, 3- and 6-month follow up. The primary study outcome is self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at 6-month follow up. Embedding the study in practice agencies will accelerate dissemination and scalability should our findings demonstrate intervention effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Behavior change
  • Behavioral intervention
  • Clinical protocols
  • Health disparities
  • Minority health
  • Smoking cessation

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