Source separation and tracking using an electromagnetic vector sensor

Jinbin Zhang, C. C. Ko, Arye Nehorai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a structure for adaptively separating, enhancing and tracking uncorrelated sources with an electromagnetic vector sensor. The structure consists of a set of parallel spatial processors, one for each individual source. Two stages of processing are involved in each spatial processor. The first pre-processing stage rejects all other sources except the one of interest, whereas the second stage is an adaptive one for maximising the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and tracking the desired source. The pre-processors are designed using the latest source parameter estimates obtained from the source trackers, and a re-design is activated periodically or whenever any source has been detected by the source trackers to have made significant movement. Compared with conventional adaptive beamforming, the algorithm has the advantage that it is a blind scheme where no a priori information on any desired signal location is needed, and the sources are separated at maximum SNR. The structure is also well suited for parallel implementation. Numerical examples are included to illustrate the capability and performance of the algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-984
Number of pages5
JournalConference Record of the Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
StatePublished - 2000


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