Somatosensory- and motor-evoked potential monitoring without a wake-up test during idiopathic up test during idiopathic scoliosis surgery: An accepted standard of care

Anne M. Padberg, Tracy J. Wilson-Holden, Lawrence G. Lenke, Keith H. Bridwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design. This was a retrospective study of 500 patients undergoing corrective surgery between 1987 and 1997 for spinal deformity caused by idiopathic scoliosis. Objectives. To report the sensitivity and specificity of somatosensory-evoked and neurogenic motor-evoked potentials monitoring and the requirement for an intra-operative wake-up test for all idiopathic scoliosis surgeries at a single institution. Summary of Background Data. Intraoperative monitoring is recommended for use during corrective spinal surgery. Accepted monitoring standards and requirements for an intraoperative wake-up tests are still debated. Methods. The study group consisted of 500 patients undergoing corrective surgery for idiopathic scoliosis between 1987 and 1997. All patients were monitored using somatosensory-evoked and neurogenic motor-evoked potential techniques, using a standard protocol developed at this institution. Results. The false-positive rate (significant data change without postoperative neurologic deficit) was 0.014% (n = 7). The true-positive rate (degradation of data that met warning criteria, with a corresponding postoperative neurologic deficit) was 0.004% (n = 2). No false- negative results (normal data during with a postoperative neurologic deficit) were seen. The sensitivity of combined somatosensory-evoked and neurogenic motor-evoked potentials data in predicting neurologic status was 98.6%, and the specificity of normal data predicting normal findings in a neurologic examination was 100%. Conclusions. Combined somatosensory-evoked and neurogenic motor-evoked potentials monitoring during idiopathic scoliosis surgery represents a standard of care that obviates the need for an intraoperative wake-up test when reliable data are obtained and maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1392-1400
Number of pages9
JournalSpine
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1998

Keywords

  • Idiopathic scoliosis
  • Neurogenic motor evoked potentials
  • Somatosensory- evoked potentials
  • Stagnara wake-up test

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Somatosensory- and motor-evoked potential monitoring without a wake-up test during idiopathic up test during idiopathic scoliosis surgery: An accepted standard of care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this