Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the cricoid cartilage-case report

Simone Krebs, Ian Ganly, Ronald Ghossein, Joanna Yang, Joachim Yahalom, Heiko Schöder

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is an extremely rare form of hematologic malignancy that can be classified as solitary bone plasmacytoma or solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma. Here, we report a patient who presented with progressive shortness of breath and foreign body sensation in his throat. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) demonstrated an abnormal FDG-avid soft tissue mass arising from the larynx involving the cricoid cartilage without additional suspicious lesions. Histology revealed an abundance of plasma cells; immunohistochemistry was positive for CD138 expression and lambda chains, and negative for CD20. Comprehensive imaging studies and panendoscopy of the ENT tract confirmed solitary disease involvement. Following additional systemic work-up, a diagnosis of extramedullary plasmacytoma was rendered. The patient underwent definitive radiotherapy using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (total dose of 46 Gy, divided in 23 fractions of 200 cGy). Serial PET/CT showed the stepwise resolution of abnormal FDG uptake and resolution of the cricoid cartilage lesion. With 22 months of follow-up, the patient remains free of disease. We describe the rare case of SP presenting as a FDG-avid hypermetabolic soft tissue mass in the cricoid cartilage, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of laryngeal tumors. Of note, SP is radiosensitive; favorable outcome can be expected once treated with doses of 40-50 Gy. FDG PET/CT is helpful in diagnosis and response assessment for this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number284
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume7
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2017

Keywords

  • F-FDG-PET/CT
  • Cricoid
  • Larynx
  • Plasmacytoma
  • Radiotherapy

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