Sleep Patterns and Quality Are Associated with Severity of Obesity and Weight-Related Behaviors in Adolescents with Overweight and Obesity

Jacqueline F. Hayes, Katherine N. Balantekin, Myra Altman, Denise E. Wilfley, C. Barr Taylor, Joanne Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Inadequate sleep duration, sleep patterns, and sleep quality have been associated with metabolic, circadian, and behavioral changes that promote obesity. Adolescence is a period during which sleep habits change to include less sleep, later bedtimes, and greater bedtime shift (e.g., difference between weekend and weekday bedtime). Thus, sleep may play a role in adolescent obesity and weight-related behaviors. This study assesses sleep duration, quality, and schedules and their relationships to relative weight and body fat percentage as well as diet, physical activity, and screen time in adolescents with overweight/obesity. Methods: Adolescents between 12 and 17 years old (n = 186) were weighed and measured, reported typical sleep and wake times on weekdays and weekends, and responded to questionnaires assessing diet, physical activity, and screen time habits. Results: Controlling for sleep duration, later weekend bedtime and greater bedtime shift were associated with greater severity of overweight (β = 0.20; β = 0.16) and greater screen time use (β = 0.22; β = 0.2). Later bedtimes on the weekdays and weekends were associated with fewer healthy diet practices (β = -0.26; β = -0.27). In addition, poorer sleep quality was associated with fewer healthy diet habits (β = -0.21), greater unhealthy diet habits (β = 0.15), and less physical activity (β = -0.22). Sleep duration was not associated with any weight or weight-related behavior. Conclusions: Sleep patterns and quality are associated with severity of overweight/obesity and various weight-related behaviors. Promoting a consistent sleep schedule throughout the week may be a worthwhile treatment target to optimize behavioral and weight outcomes in adolescent obesity treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalChildhood Obesity
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • childhood obesity
  • diet
  • physical activity
  • screen time
  • sleep

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