Size fractionation of anionic oligosaccharides and glycopeptides by high-performance liquid chromatography

Scott J. Mellis, Jacques U. Baenziger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rapid method for the fractionation of anionic oligosaccharide and glycopeptide species on the basis of net carbohydrate content utilizing high-performance liquid chromatography has been developed. Amine-bearing bonded-phase columns are eluted with a mobile phase consisting of a water:acetonitrile gradient containing 3% acetic acid titrated to pH 5.5 with triethylamine. Phosphorylated and sialylated oligosaccharides within various charge classes differing in their hexose or hexosamine contents but bearing the same number of anionic species can be resolved without prior removal of the anionic moieties. Glycopeptides containing at least as many as six amino acids are also well fractionated on the basis of carbohydrate content. A variety of detection methods may be used and sensitivity in the subnanomole range is possible with fluorescent or radiolabeling techniques. This method offers a significant improvement in the rapidity and resolution attainable for the size fractionation of anionic complex carbohydrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-449
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1983

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