Background: An increase in sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) reportedly attenuates early brain injury, delayed cerebral ischemia, and short-term neurologic deficits in rodent models of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigates the effect of resveratrol, a SIRT1 activator, on long-term functional recovery in a clinically relevant rat model of SAH. Methods: Thirty male Wistar rats were subjected to fresh arterial blood injection into the prechiasmatic space and randomized to receive 7 days of intraperitoneal resveratrol (20 mg/kg) or vehicle injections. Body weight and rotarod performance were measured on days 0, 3, 7, and 34 post SAH. The neurologic score was assessed 7 and 34 days post SAH. Morris water maze performance was evaluated 29–33 days post SAH. Brain SIRT1 activity and CA1 neuronal survival were also assessed. Results: Blood pressure rapidly increased in all SAH rats, and no between-group differences in blood pressure, blood gases, or glucose were detected. SAH induced weight loss during the first 7 days, which gradually recovered in both groups. Neurologic score and rotarod performance were significantly improved after resveratrol treatment at 34 days post SAH (p = 0.01 and 0.04, respectively). Latency to find the Morris water maze hidden platform was shortened (p = 0.02). In the resveratrol group, more CA1 neurons survived following SAH (p = 0.1). An increase in brain SIRT1 activity was confirmed in the resveratrol group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Treatment with resveratrol for 1 week significantly improved the neurologic score, rotarod performance, and latency to find the Morris water maze hidden platform 34 days post SAH. These findings indicate that SIRT1 activation warrants further investigation as a mechanistic target for SAH therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-632
Number of pages11
JournalNeurocritical Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Long-term outcome
  • Rats
  • Resveratrol
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage


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